isakhi samakhemikhali singumuthi wamakhemikhali onezinhlobonhlobo eziningi ezifanayo (noma izinhlangano zamangqamuzana) ezakhiwe ngama-athomu avela ezingxenyeni ezilodwa ezihlanganiswe ndawonye ngezibopho zamakhemikhali. Isici samakhemikhali esihlanganiswe nesici samakhemikhali esifanayo akuyona into eyenziwa ngamakhemikhali kusukela kuphela into eyodwa, hhayi izakhi ezimbili ezihlukene, ezihilelekile.

Kunezinhlobo ezine zamakhemikhali, kuye ngokuthi ama-athomu ahlanganisiwe abanjwe ndawonye kanjani:

ama-molecule abanjwe ndawonye ngezibopho ezinama-covalent
izinhlanganisela ze-ionic ezibanjwe ndawonye ngezibopho ze-ionic
amakhemikhali angaphakathi ahlanganiswe ndawonye ngezibopho zensimbi
ezinye izakhiwo ezihlanganiswe ndawonye ngokuxhumanisa izibopho ezihlanganisiwe.

Ibonisa I-1-12 of 32 Imiphumela